Note: Most of these blogs are for my personal reference and at a given time, some of those might just be unpolished drafts.
Shebang (what does "#!/bin/bash" do at the start of bash scripts?)
Demonstration by Example
#!/bin/sh sleep 50
let’s save it as a.sh and make it executable
sudo chmod +x a.sh
Let’s run it in the background and stat the process.
./a.sh&  11660
On looking at the process details:
ps -fp 11660 UID PID PPID C STIME TTY TIME CMD sudipbh+ 11660 11330 0 15:30 pts/7 00:00:00 /bin/sh ./a.sh
We can see that the content of the file is passed as an argument to the program /bin/sh.
In Bash scripting, this enables the script author to mention the exact interpreter to be used by the program and if it’s not found the user can take it as a cue to install the required interpreter.
The same idea would be extended to other interpreted languages like python.